Intel chipset development

From 800 to the latest help, the URL is also OK
I I want to know what is supported by Intel chip now, memory, hard disk, CPU, what interface, .......... ... What kind of chipset is there

4 thoughts on “Intel chipset development”

  1. Intel
    URL:/ It is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer. It was founded in 1968 and has the history of 35 years of product innovation and market leadership. In 1971, Intel launched the world's first microprocessor. This move not only changed the company's future, but also had a profound impact on the entire industry. The computer and Internet revolution brought by microprocessors changed the world.

    In February 2002, Intel was selected by the US "Fortune" Weekly as one of the top ten "most respected companies" in the world, ranking ninth. In 2002, it was close to the end. According to the company's 2002 business performance, employee level, management quality, and company investment value according to the company's business performance, employee level, management quality, and company investment value in 2002. In this row, Intel Corporation topped the top of the world. At the same time, in the "2002 Global Best Employer" rankings, Intel ranked 28th.

    In May 2003, the "Harvard Business Week · Chinese Edition" announced the list of "Best Employers in China in 2002", and Intel (China) Co., Ltd. ranked eighth. This was selected by a well -known human resources company*and "Harvard Business Weekly · Chinese Version". A joint enterprise internal employee survey results were selected. In 2002, Intel's revenue was US $ 26.8 billion and net income was $ 3.1 billion. On July 18, 2003, Intel's 35th anniversary. Dr. Bryte, CEO of Intel Corporation, reviewed: "Over the past 35 years, we unremittingly pursue excellence and perfection, which has laid a solid foundation for us to continue to introduce the concept of innovation and maintain innovation. The fierce industry is always leading. Our efforts have changed dramatically, and we will continue to change the future of the world. This is exactly what we are worth celebrating today. " The world's increasingly developed computer industry provides building modules, including microprocessors, chipsets, board cards, systems and software. These products are part of the standard computer architecture. The industry uses these products to design and create advanced computers for end users. Today, the increasing development of the Internet is not only changing the model of business operations, but also changing people's work, life, and entertainment methods, becoming an important driving force for global economic development. As one of the leading companies in the global information industry, Intel is committed to providing building modules for clients, servers, online communication, Internet solutions and Internet services.

    Intel Intel in China Intel has 13 representative places in China (mainland), distributed in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Chongqing, Shenyang, Jinan, Fuzhou, Nanjing, Xi'an, Xi'an, Xi'an, Xi'an, Xi'an, Xi'an, Xi'an, Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an, and Xi'an. Harbin, Wuhan. The company's Asia -Pacific region headquarters is in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Intel also has a research center in China, that is, Intel China Lab, consisting of 4 different research centers, it was announced in October 2000. The Chinese laboratory mainly conducts research on the future application and product development of computers. It aims to promote the use of advanced technology in China, thereby further promoting the development of the domestic Internet economy. In addition, Intel China Lab is also responsible for coordinating research and collaboration between the laboratory and other laboratories in Intel, as well as the development of research projects of domestic universities and research institutions. Pat Kissinger, the global vice president and chief technology officer of Intel, directly led the work of Intel China Laboratory.

    Intel's mission in China Intel's business focus in China is consistent with its global business focus, that is, it has become an outstanding supplier of the global Internet economy. In addition, Intel is always committed to becoming the cornerstone to promote the development of China's information technology. In China, this strategy can be reflected from Intel's series of activities in China:*Technology launches: Intel has Intel China Labs in China, consisting of 4 laboratories in different research fields. For example, Intel China Lab is affiliated to the Intel Micro Processor Research Lab. It mainly studies the related work for microprocessors and platform architectures, and promotes the leadership of Intel processor architecture (IA) technology in the industry.

    The specific research fields include audio/video signal processing and PC -based applications, as well as advanced compilation technologies and operating time system research that can promote future micro -structure and next -generation processor design. In addition, Intel China Software Lab, Intel Architecture Development Lab, Intel Internet Exchange Architecture Lab, Intel Wireless Technology Development Center. In addition, Intel also conducted research and development of well-known domestic universities and research institutions, such as the Chinese Academy of Sciences Computing Institute for the IA-64-bit compiler, and achieved gratifying results.

    In October 2002, Intel announced the establishment of the Intel Asia Pacific Applied Design Center (ADC) in Shenzhen. OEM and ODM manufacturers computing and communication industries in China are designed to meet their needs for world -class design and verification services, and help them develop better products for customers. The Asia -Pacific region, including Shenzhen and other parts of China, provides advanced product development and technical support services to assist customers in the Asia -Pacific region and China to strengthen its global competitive strength and promote the cooperation between these customers. Intel also invests in IT technology through the strategic investment division () to promote the development of Chinese -type technology, such as wireless communication technology, thereby promoting the development of the global Internet economy.

    . So far, Intel's strategic investment division has invested nearly $ 600 million in risk investment in the Asia -Pacific region, of which nearly 30 investment in China. *Technology production and manufacturing: Today, Intel has a factory that invests 500 million US dollars in Shanghai in Shanghai, providing glittering memory, i845 chipset and Pentium processors with 0.13 micron -based world -class packaging and testing. And to provide the world's highest performance processor products; at the same time, it has also cultivated a large number of knowledge workers who master the world -class chip manufacturing technology in China. Popularity of market education and application: Intel has always used the development of the computer industry and the Internet economy as the primary strategy of the company in China. Intel (China) Co., Ltd. has sponsored ISEF China to contact the competition since 2000. This competition is called "Chinese Youth Science and Technology and Innovation Competition", hosted by the China Science and Technology Association*. In 2001, China sent 16 students to participate in the 52nd Intel International Science and Engineering Grand Prix of Silicon Valley in California*, winning 17 prizes, including prizes, bonuses and scholarships for a total of $ 87,000. In 2002, Intel ISEF's connection in China attracted 15 million middle school students in various places to participate, of which 21 students with excellent grades will be selected to go to the United States to participate in the 53rd Intel International Science and Science and Science and Science of Intel in May in May. Engineering Grand Prix. In July 2000, Intel's future education project was launched in China.

    After one year, by the end of 2002, it was planned to train 100,000 teachers in China. The project has been launched in 18 provinces and cities across the country. Beijing, Changchun, Chongqing, Gansu, Gansu Provincial, Hainan Province, Hebei Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Jiangsu Province, Shanghai, Shaanxi Province, Tianjin, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Zhejiang Province, Zibo City have been implemented, which has been strongly supported and affirmed by the Ministry of Education of China. And the warm welcome of the teachers who participated in the training. In addition, in order to better popularize computer education, Intel has cooperated with domestic computer manufacturers since 1997 to open the "Intel Computer Dr. Studio" in 16 cities across the country, which are distributed in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, and Chengdu. Tianjin, Xi'an, Shenyang, Qingdao, Wenzhou, Hangzhou, Jinan, Tibet, Harbin, Wuxi, Nanjing, a total of 1.3 million families. *Extensive industry cooperation: Since Intel entered China in 1985, it has regarded "growing with the Chinese information industry" as its responsibility. It has worked closely with domestic OEM manufacturers, independent software developers, communication equipment manufacturers, solutions suppliers and wireless communications vendors. Since 2000, Intel has held the "Intel Information Technology Summit" in the Spring and Autumn Period in China each year () to share the development of information technology in a timely manner with the domestic industry. On March 12, 2003, Intel launched the Intel Chariot Calculation Technology in China and the world simultaneously. It provided unprecedentedly unprecedented and completely ridiculed "wireless freedom" set computing and the "wireless freedom" of laptop computing. Experience of the integration of communication.

    intel microprocessor milestones

    1971: 4004 microprocessor

    4004 processor is Intel's first microprocessor. This major invention of breakthroughs not only becomes the source of powerful power of the Busicom calculator, but also opens the road that allows machine devices to embed intelligence like personal computers.

    1972: 8008 microprocessor

    8008 processor has twice the processing capacity of 4004 processors. A 1974 article in "Radio Electronics" magazine mentioned a Mark-8 equipment that uses 8008 processors, which is one of the first computers made for home purposes-but according to today's standards, Mark -8 is difficult to make assembly and is not easy to maintain operation.

    1974: 8080 microprocessor

    The world's first personal computer Altair uses 8080 processor as the brain -"Altair" is said to be from the TV series "Star Trek Star "TREK" is one of the targets of the enterprise spacecraft in the film. Computer enthusiasts can buy an altair with $ 395. In just a few months, this kind of computer sold tens of thousands of units, setting a record for the first time in history for personal computers

    1978: 8086-8088 microprocessor

    The key transactions made by Intel and IBM's new personal computer departments made the 8088 processor a brain of IBM's new main product IBM PC. The great success of 8088 entered the ranks of Fortune 500 global companies, and was rated by Fortune Magazine as one of the "most successful companies in the 1970s".

    1982: 286 microprocessor

    The original name of Intel 286 was 80286, which is the first processor that can run all software for its previous generation products. This powerful software compatibility has also become one of the important features of the Intel micro -processor family. In the 6 years after the product was released, about 15 million personal computers with 286 processors were produced around the world.

    1985: Intel 386 ™ microprocessor

    Intel 386 ™ microprocessor has 275,000 transistors, which is more than 100 times the early 4004 processor. The processor is a 32 -bit chip with multi -tasking processing capabilities, that is, it can run a variety of programs at the same time.

    1989: Intel 486 ™ DX CPU microprocessor

    Intel 486 ™ processor shows from the real sense that users only need to click on the age when they rely on the input command to run the computer. You can operate a new era. David K. Allison, the technical historian of the National American History Museum of Smithsoni Museum, recalled, "I have such a color display computer for the first time, and so fast on the desktop." Intel 486 ™ The processor first added a built -in mathematical processor to separate the complex mathematical function from the central processor, which greatly improved the calculation speed.

    1993: Intel Pentium processor

    Intel Pentium processor can make the computer more easily integrate data in the "real world" (such as speech, sound, handwriting and pictures) Essence Intel Pentium processors promoted through comics and TV talk shows, once they were launched, they quickly became a well -known brand.

    1995: Intel high -energy Pentium processor

    The Intel high -energy Pentium processor design released in the fall of 1995 is used to support 32 -bit server and workstation applications, as well as high -speed computer assistance Design, mechanical engineering and scientific computing. Each Intel high -energy Pentium processor adds a second -level high -speed cache storage chip that can improve the speed at the time of packaging. The powerful Intel high -energy Pentium processor has as many as 5.5 million transistors.

    1997: Intel Pentium II processor

    Intel Pentium II processor has 7.5 million transistors and uses Intel MMX ™ technology. Audio and graphic data. The product uses an innovative unilateral contact card box (S.E.C) packaging and integrates a high -speed cache storage chip. With this chip, personal computer users can share digital pictures through Internet capture, edit and share with friends and family members; they can also edit and add text, music or scene transitions for family movies; Send a video to the Internet.

    1998: Intel Pentium II Xeon Processor

    Intel Pentium II Morning Processor Design is used to meet the performance requirements of mid -to -high -end servers and workstations. In accordance with Intel's strategy to provide exclusive processor products for specific markets, the technical innovation specially designed by Intel Pentium II processor is used for workstations and server execution, such as Internet services, corporate data storage, digital content creation As well as automatic electron and mechanical design, etc. The computer system based on this processor can be configured with four or eight processors and even more.

    1999: Intel Cessanan processor

    The continued strategy of developing products for the specific market, Intel Belong processor designed for the economic personal computer market Essence The processor provides consumers with excellent cost -effectiveness and provides excellent performance for applications such as games and education software.

    1999: Intel Pentium III processor

    70 innovation instructions of Intel Pentium III processor -the Internet Streaming SIMD (Internet Streaming SIMD) -Obviously Enhance the performance required to process applications such as high -level images, 3D, audio streams, video and voice recognition. This product is designed to greatly enhance the Internet experience, allowing users to browse realistic online museums and stores, and download high -quality videos. The processor integrates 9.5 million transistors and uses 0.25 micron technology.

    1999: Intel Pentium III Morning Processor

    Intel Pentium III processors expanded on the product of Intel's workstation and server market Performance is to support e -commerce applications and high -end commercial computing. The processor integrates the 70 SIMD instructions owned by the Intel Pentium III processor, which makes the performance of multimedia and video streaming applications significantly enhanced. In addition, the advanced high -speed cache technology owned by Intel Pentium III to the strongest processor accelerates the transmission of information from the system bus to the processor, which has greatly improved the performance. The processor is designed for a system for multi -processor configuration.

    2000 years: Intel Pentium 4 processor

    In personal computer users based on Intel Pentium 4 processors can create professional quality movies; send videos like TV through the Internet; use Real -time video voice tools communicate; real -time rendering 3D graphics; quickly encoding music for MP3 player; running multiple multimedia applications at the same time when connecting with the Internet. When the processor was initially launched, it had 42 million transistor and a circuit line of only 0.18 microns. Intel's first microprocessor 4004 runs 108kHz, and the initial rate of the Intel Pentium 4 processor today has reached 1.5GHz. Second.

    2001: Intel Musk Motor Motormios

    The application goals of Intel Saspier processors are those who are about to appear high -performance and mid -range dual -road workstations, as well as Double Road and Duoduo Road configuration server. The platform provides customers with a new operating system and application option with high performance and low -price advantages. Compared with the Intel Pentium III Xeon Periodments, the workstation of the Intel Soluble processor is expected to increase by about 30% to 90% according to the application and configuration. The processor is based on the Intel Netbursst ™ architecture and is designed to provide the required calculation power for video and audio applications, advanced Internet technology and complex 3D graphics.

    2001: Intel Andinglery processor

    Intel Anding processor is the first product of the 64 -bit processor family launched by Intel. This processor is developed and manufactured on the basis of the new architecture of Intel's explicit parallel instruction calculation (EPIC) design technology. It is designed for high -end, enterprise servers and workstations. This processor can provide the world's best performance for the most demanding enterprise and high -performance computing applications (including e -commerce security transactions, large databases, computer -assisted mechanical engineering, and precise science and engineering computing).

    2002: Intel Hyper Threading processor

    The Intel Handan Teng 2 processor is the second member of the Anththlery processor, It is also an enterprise processor. The processor family is the advantages of Intel architecture with the highest data density, the most critical business and the highest technical requirements of the business and the highest technical requirements. This processor can provide leading performance for database, computer -aided engineering, and online transaction security.

    It Intel launched the new Intel Pentium 4 processor containing innovative Hyper-Threading (HT) super execution technology. Super execution technology creates a new level of high -efficiency capable desktop computers, which can quickly perform multiple operations applications at the same time, or bring higher efficiency for software that supports multiple executions. Super execution technology increases computers by 25%. In addition to providing super executable technologies for desktop computer users, Intel also reached another computer milestone, that is, the launch of the Pentium 4 processor with a pulse of 3.06 GHz Commercial micro -processors, such excellent performance, attributed to the industry's most advanced 0.13 micron process technology at that time. The following year, the Time pulse of the Intel Pentium 4 processor of the built -in super execution technology reached 3.2 GHz.

    2003: Intel Pentium M /Ce Yang M processor

    Intel Pentium M processor, Intel 855 chipset family and Intel Pro /wireless 2100 network card are Intel Charity ™ Mobile Mobile The three major components of computing technology. Intel Mauechi ™ mobile computing technology is specially designed for portable computing, with built -in wireless local area network capabilities and breakthrough innovative mobile properties. The processor supports more durable battery use time, as well as lighter and thinner laptops.

    2005: Intel Pentium D processor

    The first Intel Pentium D processor containing 2 processing cores, officially unveiled the X86 processor multi -core era.

    2006: Intel Core 2 Duo / Saiyan DUO processor

    core micro -architecture desktop processor, the core code Conroe will be named Core 2 duo / Extreme family, E6700 2.6 The GHZ model is more than the strongest Intel Pentium D 960 (3.6GHz) processor launched before, which has increased by 40%in terms of efficiency, and the power saving efficiency also increases by 40%. The Core 2 DUO processor contains 291 million transistor.

    2007: Intel quad -core server processor (will be launched soon)

    Senior officials in Intel revealed on Friday that the company may launch its first four cores in early 2007 to launch its first quad -core key The processor to regain the share of the server market. It is reported that Intel's new processor will integrate four processors in one, allowing computers to quickly process data or run more applications at the same time, while saving more power than single -core processors. It is designed for the server's network and supports the server at the Internet website. The server using its server will have two processor sockets, which means that the computer can use up to eight kernel processing data. Intel did not disclose whether all four kernels were on a single chip, or two dual -core processors bundled together.

  2. The CPU is the abbreviation of Central Unit. It is the most important part of a computer, consisting of operators and controllers. If the computer is compared to a person, then the CPU is the human brain. The development of the CPU is very fast. Personal computers have grown from 8088 (XT) to the current Pentium 4 era. It has only been less than 20 years.

    In production technology, the initial 8088 integrated 29,000 transistors, while Pentium III integrated more than 28.1 million transistors; In the unit, 8088 is 0.75MIPS, and it has exceeded 1000MIPS when high -energy Pentium. No matter what kind of CPU, its internal structure can be divided into three parts: control unit, logical unit, and storage unit. These three parts coordinate with each other to analyze, judge, calculate and control the coordination of the computer's part of the computer. Work. rnrnCPU从最初发展至今已经有二十多年的历史了,这期间,按照其处理信息的字长,CPU可以分为:4位微处理器、8位微处理器、 16 -bit microprocessors, 32 -bit microprocessors, and 64 -bit microprocessors are being built. It can be said that the development of personal computers advances with the development of the CPU.

    intel 4004

    In 1971, Intel launched the world's first microprocessor 4004, the first four microprocessors to be used for miniature computers. Contains 2,300 transistors. Intel then launched 8008, due to poor computing performance, its market response was very unsatisfactory. In 1974, 8008 developed into 8080 and became the second generation microprocessor. The 8080 as a device replacing the electronic logic circuit is used in various application circuits and devices. If there is no microprocessor, these applications cannot be realized.

    It microprocessors can be used to complete many computing tasks that need to be completed with larger equipment, and the price is cheap, so each semiconductor company began to compete for microprocessor chips. ZILOG produced a reinforced Z80 of 8080, Motorola produced 6800, Intel Company produced an enhanced 8085 in 1976. However, these chips basically did not change the basic characteristics of 8080, and they belonged to the second -generation microprocessor. They all use NMOS processes, integrated about 9,000 transistors, the average instruction execution time is 1 μs to 2 μs, and uses an assembly language, Basic, Fortran programming to use a single user operating system.

    intel 8086

    1978 Breeding 8086 was the first 16 -bit microprocessor. Soon Zilog and Motorola also announced the plan to produce Z8000 and 68000. This is the starting point of the third -generation microprocessor.

    8086 Micro -processor maximum frequency speed is 8MHz, with 16 -bit data channels, and memory addressing capacity is 1MB. At the same time, Intel also produced the mathematical associate processor i8087 that cooperates with it. These two chips use mutual compatible instruction sets, but the I8087 instruction concentration adds some instructions for mathematical computing specifically for mathematics such as numbers, indexes, and triangle functions. People call these instructions uniformly as the X86 instruction set. Although Intel has successively produced more advanced and faster new CPUs such as the second and third generations in the future, they are still compatible with the original X86 instructions, and Intel uses the original X86 sequence on the naming of subsequent CPUs until later Due to the problem of trademark registration, I gave up naming with Arabic numerals.

    In 1979, Intel developed 8088.8086 and 8088 with 16 -bit data transmission inside the chip, so they were all called 16 -bit microprocessors, but 8086 can transmit or receive 16 per cycle 16 Position data, while 8088 only uses 8 digits per cycle. Because most of the initial devices and chips are 8 -bit, and 8088's outer 8 -bit data transmission and reception can be compatible with these devices. 8088 uses a 40 -pin DIP packaging with a operating frequency of 6.66MHz, 7.16MHz or 8MHz. Micro -processor integrates about 29,000 transistors.

    8086 and 8088 shortly, Intel started to improve them. They integrated more functions on the chip, which gave birth to 80186 and 80188. Both microprocessors work in the interior of the two -bit work, 160186 on the external input and output, and 80188 and 8088 use 8 -bit jobs.

    In 1981, the US IBM company used the 8088 chip to the PCs developed by it, which created a new microcomputer era. It is also from 8088 that the concept of personal computers (PC) has begun to develop worldwide. Starting from 8088 to IBM PC, personal computers have really entered people's work and life, and it also marks the beginning of a new era.

    intel 80286

    In 1982, Intel developed the 80286 microprocessor on the basis of 8086. The maximum frequency of the microprocessor was 20MHz, internal and external data The transmission is 16 bits, and the address of the 24 -bit internal memory is used with a memory addressing capacity of 16MB. 80286 can work in two ways, one is called real mode, and the other is called protection.

    In real mode, the total memory that the microprocessor can access can be limited to 1 mega byte; and under the protection method, 80286 can directly access 16 mega byte memory. In addition, in the protection method of 80286, the operating system can be protected, so that it will stop the system when an uncomfortable microprocessor such as unremarkable micro -processor such as the real mode or 8086 is not protected.

    IBM uses the 80286 microprocessor in advanced technology microcomputers, that is, AT machine, causing a great sensation. 80286 has significant improvements in the following four aspects than its predecessors: support greater memory; can simulate memory space; can run multiple tasks at the same time; improve the processing speed. The earliest PC speed was 4MHz, and the first AT machine based on 80286 was 6MHz to 8MHz. Some manufacturers also increased their own speed to make 80286 reach 20MHz, which means that the performance has made significant progress.

    80286 packaging is a square packaging called PGA. PGA is a cheap packaging of PLCC. It has a piece of internal and external solid inserted pins. In this package, 80286 integrates about 130,000 transistors.

    IBM PC/AT microcomputer's bus maintains the three -layer bus structure of XT and adds high and low -level byte bus conversion logic and high -level byte bus. Like the XT machine, the CPU is also welded on the motherboard.

    The original machine at that time only refers to the IBM PC, and the compatible machine is other machines other than IBM PC. At that time, in addition to Intel, the company that produced CPUs also had AMD and Siemens, and people did not care about what CPUs used by their own computers, because the CPU produced by companies such as AMD was almost the same as that of Intel. It was not until the 486 era. Care about your own CPU.

    8086 ~ 80286 This era is the era when personal computers started. At that time, there were very few people who had seen PCs in China. It was a mysterious thing in people's hearts. In the early 1990s, computers began to popularize in China.

    intel 80386

    1985 in the spring of 1985, Intel has become the first -class chip company, and it is determined to develop a new generation of 32 core CPU -80386. Intel designed three technical points for 80386: using the "class 286" structure, developing 80387 microprocessors to enhance floating -point computing capabilities, and develop high -speed cache to solve the bottleneck of memory speed.

    On October 17, 1985, Intel's epoch -making product -80386DX was officially released, which contains 275,000 transistors, the clock frequency is 12.5MHz, and then gradually increased to 20MHz, 25MHz, 33MHz, and finally There are a small amount of 40MHz products.

    80386DX's internal and external data bus is 32 -bit, the address bus is also 32 -bit, you can address 4GB memory, and you can manage the virtual storage space of 64TB. In addition to the real mode and protection mode, its operational mode also adds a "virtual 86" working method, which can provide multi -tasking capabilities by simulating multiple 8086 microprocessors at the same time.

    80386DX has more instructions than 80286, and 80386 with a frequency of 12.5MHz can execute 6 million instructions per second, 80286 times faster than the frequency of 16MHz. The most classic product of 80386 is 80386DX -33MHz. Generally, the 80386 we say refers to it.

    Due to the powerful computing power of 32 -bit microprocessors, the application of PC has expanded to many fields, such as commercial office and computing, engineering design and computing, data centers, and personal entertainment. 80386 made the 32 -bit CPU a standard for the PC industry.

    . Although 80386 did not improve and strong floating -point computing units at that time, with the 80387 collaborative processor, 80386 can successfully complete many tasks that require a lot of floating -point operations, so as to successfully enter the mainstream commercial business use Computer market. In addition, 30386 also has other rich peripheral accessories support, such as 82258 (DMA controller), 8259A (interrupt controller), 8272 (disk controller), 82385 (cache controller), 82062 (hard disk controller), etc. In response to the speed bottleneck of memory, Intel designed a high -speed cache (Cache) for 80386, and adopted a pre -read memory method to alleviate this speed bottleneck. Since then, Cache and CPU have become a shadow -shaped thing.

    intel 80387/80287

    Strictly speaking, 80387 is not a real CPU, but with 80386DX collaborative chip, that is, 80387 can only assist in assistance 80386 Complete the function of floating -point operations, and the function is very single.

    intel 80386sx

    1989 British Company pushed 32 -bit microprocessor chip 80386SX. This is a cheaper popular CPU launched by Intel to expand its market share. Its internal data bus is 32 -bit, and the external data bus is 16 bits. It can accept 16 -bit input/output interface chips developed at 80286. Reduce the cost of the whole machine.

    80386SX was launched, and it was widely welcomed by the market, because the performance of 80386SX was greatly better than 80286, and the price was only one -third of 80386.

    intel 80386sl/80386dl

    Intel launched the 386 chip of 80386SL and 80386DL for laptops in 1990. These two types of chips can be said to be the energy -saving type of 80386DX/SX. Among them, 80386DL is based on the 80386DX core, while 80386SL is based on the 80386SX kernel. These two types of chips not only consume less power, but also have power management functions. When the CPU does not work, it automatically cuts off the power supply.

    motorola 68000

    The 68000 of Motorola was the earliest 32 -bit micro -processor. At that time, it was 1984. After the launch, the performance was superb, and it was favored by Apple. The chip is used in his own personal computer "PC -MAC". But after the launch of 80386, it became increasingly declined.

    amd AM386SX/DX

    AMD's AM386SX/DX is a third -party chip compatible with 80386DX. It has nothing to do with Intel's 80386DX, and it has become one of the mainstream products at that time.

    IBM 386SLC

    This is designed by IBM on the basis of studying 80386, completely compatible with 80386, and manufactured by Intel. 386SLC is basically a built -in Cache on the basis of 80386SX, which also contains 80486SX instruction sets, and the performance is also good.

    intel 80486

    In 1989, the 80486 chip that we know well was launched by Intel. The greatness of this chip that has been developed and invested for $ 300 million in four years is that it has broken the boundary of 1 million transistors for the first time, integrated 1.2 million transistor, and uses 1 microns to manufacture. The clock frequency of 80486 gradually increased from 25MHz to 33MHz, 40MHz, 50MHz.

    80486 is to integrate 80386 and Mathematical Association micro -processors 80387 and an 8KB high -speed cache in a chip. The digital operation speed of the 80487 integrated in 80486 is twice the previous 80387, and the internal cache shortens the waiting time of microprocessor and slow DRAM. In addition, for the first time in the 80x86 series, RISC (streamlined instruction set) technology can be used to execute a instruction in one clock cycle. It also uses a bus method, which greatly improves the speed of exchange data with memory. Due to these improvements, the performance ratio of 80486 has 4 times the 80386 DX performance with 80387 mathematical association microprocessors.

    With the continuous development of the chip technology, the frequency of the CPU is getting faster and faster, and the external equipment of the PC is limited by the process, and the operating frequency that can be affords is limited, which hinders the further improvement of the main frequency of the CPU Essence In this case, the CPU multiplier technology appears. This technology enables the CPU's internal operating frequency to be 2 to 3 times the frequency of microprocessors. The names of 486 DX2, 486 DX4 come from this.

    intel 80486 dx

    The common 80486 CPUs are 80486 dx -33, 40, 50. 486 CPUs are 32 -bit internally and outside the 386 dx, but the slowest 486 The CPU is also faster than the fastest 386 CPU. This is because 486 SX/DX executes a instruction, which only requires an oscillating cycle, and the 386DX CPU requires two cycles.

    intel 80486 sx

    because the 80486 DX CPU has a built -in floating -point microprocessor, the function is powerful, and of course the price is more expensive. In order to meet the needs of ordinary users, especially for users who do not need a large number of floating -point operations, Intel launched 486 SX CPUs. 80486 SX motherboards generally have 80487 Xie Micro -processor sockets. If the function of floating -point Xie Micro -processor is required, you can insert a 80487 Xie Microceler chip, which is equivalent to 486 DX. Common 80486 SX CPUs are: 80486 SX -25, 33.

    intel 80486 dx2/dx4

    Then the name of this CPU is related to the frequency of this CPU. -66, the frequency of the CPU is 66MHz, and the motherboard frequency is only 33MHz.

    intel 80486 SL CPU

    80486 SL CPU was originally designed for laptops and other portable machines. Like 386SL, this chip uses 3.3V instead of 5V power supply, and it also has it. The internal cutting circuit makes the microprocessor and other optional parts in a dormant state when not working, so that the energy consumption of laptops and other portable machines can be reduced, and the use time is extended.

    intel 486 overdrive

    upgrade 486 SX can install a 80487SX chip on the micro -processor slot of the motherboard to make it equivalent to 486 dx, but after the upgrade, it is upgraded. It just increases the ability of floating -point collaborative microprocessors and does not improve the speed of the system. In order to improve the speed of the system, there is another upgrade method, which is to insert a 486 OverDrive CPU on the Xie micro -processor slot. Its principle is the same as the 486 DX2 CPU. Its internal operation speed can be two external speeds. Note. For example, after an OverDrive CPU on a 20MHz motherboard, the operation speed of the CPU can reach 40MHz. 486 OverDrive CPU also has the functions of floating -point microprocessors. Common ones are: OverDrive -50, 66, 80.

    Ti 486 dx

    As one of the world's well -known semiconductor manufacturers, Texas Instruments (TI) in the United States also emerged in the 486 era. After 486DX2 became the mainstream, its DX2-80 became one of the mainstream products at that time due to high cost performance. The highest frequency of Ti 486 was DX4-100, but he never entered the CPU market.

    cyrix 486dlc

    This is the 486 CPU produced by Cyrix Company. CPU, which is characterized by 486 CPU. The 486DLC CPU just combines 386DX CPU and 1K Cache in a chip. There is no inner floating -point collaborative micro -processor, and one instruction requires two oscillation cycles. However, due to the exquisite design of the 486DLC CPU, the efficiency of the 486DLC -33 CPU is close to Intel's 486 SX -25, while the 486DLC -40 CPU exceeds 486 SX -25, and the price of 486DLC -40 CPU is cheaper than 486 SX -25. The 486DLC CPU is designed to upgrade 386DM. If there is a 386 computer, if you want to upgrade to 486, but you do n’t want to replace the motherboard, you can unplug the original 386 CPU and insert a 486DLC CPU.

    cyrix 5x86

    Since Intel has taken a different approach, after the development of Pentium, Cyrix also launched its new generation of products 5x86. It still uses the original 486 series of CPU sockets, and increases its main frequency from 100MHz to 120MHz. 5X86 has increased performance compared to 486, but compared to Pentium, not only the floating -point performance is not enough, but even Cyrix's overall computing performance is not so superb. There is more than feeling. Because 5x86 can use the motherboard of 486, it is generally regarded as a transition product.

    amd 5x86

    amd 486DX is the weapon of AMD in the 486 market. technology. Due to the launch of 486DX2-80 in the later TI, the price was very low, Intel launched the Pentium series. In order to seize the vacancy of the market, AMD launched the 5x86 series CPU. It is the highest -frequency product of the 486 level, 5X86-120 and 133. It uses a combined 16K recovery cache, 0.35 micron process, a 33 × 4 133 frequency, performance is directly referred to as Pentiun 75, and the power consumption is less than Pentium.

    intel pentium

    In 1993, the new generation 586 CPU that comprehensively exceeded 486 came out. For Pentium products to distinguish AMD and Cyrix. AMD and Cyrix have also launched K5 and 6X86 microprocessors to deal with chip giants, but because the Pentium micro -processor has the best performance, Intel gradually occupies most markets.

    PENTIUM's initial CPU is Pentium 60 and Pentium 66. It works at the same frequency of 60MHz and 66MHz, which is the same frequency as the system bus.

    The early Pentium 75MHz ~ 120MHz uses a 0.5 microns manufacturing process, and Pentium, which is more than 120MHz in the later period, uses 0.35 microns. The classic Pentium performance is quite average, and the integer operation and floating -point operation are good.

    intel pentium mmx

    In order to improve the application capabilities of computers in multimedia and 3D graphics, many new instruction sets emerged. The three of them are the MMX of Intel , SSE and AMD's 3d now!. MMX (multimedia extension instruction) is a multimedia instruction enhanced technology invented by Intel in 1996, including 57 multimedia instructions. These instructions can process multiple data at one time. MMX technology can get better with the cooperation of software to get better Performance.

    The official name of Pentium MMX is "Pentium with MMX technology", which was released at the end of 1996. From the beginning of Duo, Intel has been locking frequency on its CPU, but MMX's CPU super frequency has a strong frequency ability, and it can also be over -frequency by improving the core voltage. Action. The word overclocking has also been popular since then.

    Moly Pentium is another successful product of Intel after Pentium, and its vitality is also quite tenacious. Duo Pentium has made significant improvements on the basis of the original Pentium, adding 16KB data cache and 16KB instruction cache in the chip, 4 -way writing cache and branch prediction units and return stack technology. In particular, the newly added 57 MMX multimedia instructions make Duo Pentium even faster than running a non -MMX optimization program, which is much faster than the Pentium CPU with the same frequency.

    The 57 MMX instructions are specifically used to process audio, video and other data. These instructions can greatly shorten the waiting time of the CPU when processing multimedia data, so that the CPU has more powerful data processing capabilities. Unlike the classic Pentium, it is mostly a dual -voltage design. Its kernel voltage is 2.8V, and the system I/O voltage is still the original 3.3V. If the motherboard does not support dual voltage design, it cannot be upgraded to more.

    Mochotic paranar code is P55C, which is the first CPU with MMX technology (performed by the integral unit). , 528MB/s frequency width, 2 clock waiting time, 4.5 million crystal pipes, power consumption is 17 watts. The support frequency of support is: 133MHz, 150MHz, 166MHz, 200MHz, 233MHz.

    intel pentium pro

    . Pentium Pro was synonymous with high -end CPU. Pentium Pro's performance surprised many people at the time, but Pentium Pro was a 32 -bit data structure design design The CPU, so Pentium Pro running 16 -bit applications is average, but it is still a 32 -bit winner, but later, the appearance of MMX makes it feel bad.

    PENTIUM Pro (high -energy Pentium, CPU 686) is the core architecture code P6 (also the core architecture used by future PIO and P I and Psi). This is the first generation of products. 512KB, the largest 1MB secondary cache. The operating frequency is: 133/66MHz (engineering sample), 150/60MHz, 166/66MHz, 180/60MHz, 200/66MHz.

    amd K5

    k5 is the first independent X86 CPU produced by AMD. The release time was in 1996. Because K5 encountered problems in development, its listing time was much later than Intel's Pentium, and the performance was not good. This unsuccessful product once made AMD's market share a lot. The performance of the K5 is very general. The integer computing power is not as good as Cyrix's 6X86, but it is still slightly stronger than Pentium. The floating -point computing power is far less than that of Pentium, but it is slightly stronger than Cyrix. Taken together, K5 is a product with average strength. K5 is obviously more attractive to consumers than its performance. The low price is the biggest selling point of this CPU.

    amd k6

    amd is naturally unwilling to Pentium in the CPU market, so they launched K6 in 1997. The design indicator of this CPU is quite high. It has a new MMX instruction and 64KB L1 Cache (twice as much as Pentium MMX). The overall performance is better than the Pentium MMX, which is close to the level of the same frequency PII. Compared with K5, more instructions can be handled parallel and running on a higher clock frequency. AMD is very successful in integer operations. The place where K6 is slightly behind is to run applications that need to use MMX or floating -point operations. Compared with the same frequency Pentium. rnrnK6拥有32KB数据L1 Cache,32KB指令L1 Cache,集成了880万个晶体管,采用0.35微米技术,五层CMOS,C4工艺反装晶片,内核面积168平方毫米(新产品为68 square millimeters), using the Socket7 architecture.

    cyrix 6x86/mx

    cyrix is ​​also an old -qualified CPU developer. As early as the X86 era, it and Intel, AMD formed a situation of Sanxiong.

    has finally owned its own chip production line since Cyrix was merged with the US Semiconductor Corporation, and the finished products have become increasingly complete and complete. Cyrix's 6x86 is a microprocessor compatible with Pentium on the market.

    idt Winchip

    DEVICE as the new CPU manufacturer to join this field. The first micro -processor product launched in 1997 was WinChip (that is, C6 ), The share in the entire CPU market is less than 1%. In May 1998, IDT announced its second -generation product WinChip 2.

    WINCHIP 2 has made some improvements on the basis of the original WinChip, added a dual -instruction MMX unit, and enhanced the floating -point operation function. The improvement of WinChip 2 than the same frequency of WinChip is increased by about 10%, which basically achieves the performance of Intel Pentium microprocessor.

    intel pentium Ⅱ

    1997 to 1998 is a year when the CPU market is extremely competitive. The CPU chip during this period is colorful and dizzying.

    PENTIUM II's Chinese name is "Pentium Second Generation". It has several series of different core structures such as Klamath, Deschutes, Mendocino, Katmai. Internal integration of 7.5 million transistors, the core working voltage is 2.8V.

    PENTIUM II microprocessors adopt a dual independent bus structure, that is, one of the bus connects the secondary cache, and the other is responsible for the main memory. Pentium II uses an external high -speed L2 Cache out of the chip with a capacity of 512KB and runs at half of the CPU main frequency. As a compensation, Intel increased the L1 Cache of PentiMI from 16KB to 32KB. In addition, in order to defeat competitors, Intel first adopted the Slot 1 interface standard and SECC (unilateral contact box) packaging technology in Pentium II.

    On April 16, 1998, Intel's first 350 and 400MHz CPUs codenamed 350 and 400MHz CPUs codenamed Deschutes were officially launched. The new core Pentium II micro -processor not only increased its external frequency to 100MHz, but also made from 0.25 micrometers. Its core operating voltage also dropped from 2.8V to 2.0V. L1 Cache and L2 Cache were 32KB and 512KB, respectively. Support chipset is mainly Intel's 440BX.

    Between 1998 and 1999, Intel launched a more powerful CPU-Xeon (Misak Micro Processor) that is more powerful than Pentium II. The core of this microprocessor is similar to Pentium II. The 0.25 micrometer manufacturing process supports 100MHz frequency. XEON can be equipped with a maximum of 2MB Cache and run at the CPU core frequency. It is different from the chip used by Pentium II. It is called CSRAM (Custom Staticram, custom static memory). In addition, it supports eight CPU systems; 36 -bit memory address and PSE mode (PSE36 mode), maximum 800MB/s memory bandwidth. The Xeon microprocessor is mainly for server and workstation systems with higher performance requirements. In addition, the interface form of Xeon has also changed. It uses a Slot 2 structure that is slightly larger than Slot 1 (which can support four microprocessors).

    intel celron (Saiyang)

    In order to further seize the low -end market, Intel launched a cheap CPU -Celeron in April 1998 (Chinese name is Ce Yang) Essence The first launch of Celeron has two versions of 266MHz and 300MHz, and both uses the COVINGTON core. The 0.35 micron process is manufactured. The internal integration of 19 million transistors and 32kb first cache, the working voltage is 2.0V, and the outer frequency is 66MHz. Compared with Pentium II, Celeron removed the L2 Cache on the film. Although the move greatly reduced the cost, it was also because there was no second -level cache that the microprocessor was greatly reduced in performance, and its integer performance was not even as good as Pentium MMX.

    It to make up for the lack of the performance of the Celeron microprocessor that lacks a second cache, and further combat competitors in the low -end market, Intel, after the launch of 300, released a new new MENDOCINO core. Celeron microprocessor -, 333, 366. Different from the old Celeron, the new Celeron is made of 0.25 micrometers, and it uses the SLOT 1 architecture and SEPP packaging. Cache work efficiency.

    amd K6-2

    amd officially launched the K6-2 microprocessor in April 1998. It is manufactured by 0.25 micron process, the chip area is reduced to 68 square millimeters, and the number of transistors has increased to 9.3 million. In addition, K6-2 has 64KB L1 Cache, and the second -level cache is integrated on the motherboard. The capacity is between 512KB and 2MB. The speed and the system bus frequency are synchronized. The working voltage is 2.2V. It supports the Socket 7 architecture.

    k6-2 is a K6 chip plus 100MHz bus frequency and support 3D now! The "binding" of the floating point instruction. 3d now! Technology is a major breakthrough in the X86 system, which greatly enhances the dense floating -point computing performance required by 3D graphics and multimedia. In addition, K6-2 supports over -standard MMX technology and the frequency of 100MHz bus, which means that the transmission rate of the system and the L2 cache and memory has increased by nearly 50%, which greatly improves the performance of the entire system.

    cyrix mⅡ

    The last microprocessor developed by Cyrix alone, Cyrix MI was produced in March 1998. In addition to the characteristics of 6x86 itself, the microprocessor also supports MMX instructions. Its core voltage is 2.9V, with 256 byte instructions; 3.5X multiple frequency; 6.5 million transistors in the core, 20.6 watts of power; 64KB a one for one power; Class cache.

    rise MP6

    rise is an American company established in November 1993. It mainly produces X86 compatible CPUs and launched the MP6 CPU in 1998. MP6 is not only cheap, but also excellent performance, with good multimedia performance and powerful floating -point operations. MP6 uses Socket 7/Super 7 compatible sockets, with only 16KB first -level cache.

    intel pentium III

    1999 Spring Festival, Intel Company released a new generation microprocessor with Katmai core -Pentium III. In addition to the use of 0.25 micron process manufacturing, this microprocessor integrates 9.5 million transistors internally. In addition to the SLOT 1 architecture, it also has the following new features: the system bus frequency is 100MHz; the sixth -generation CPU core -P6 micro architecture is used for 32 for 32 for 32 Optimize the application, double independent bus; the first -level cache is 32KB (16KB instruction cache plus 16KB data cache), the secondary cache size is 512KB, running at half of the CPU core speed; the use of SECC2 packaging; newly increased can enhance the enhancement The SSE (Streaming Simd, Data Stream Direction Data Extension) instruction set of audio, video and 3D graphics effects, a total of 70 new instructions. The starting frequency speed of Pentium III is 450MHz.

    , like Pentium Ⅱ xeon, Intel also launched a high -performance CPU -Pentium III Xeon Micro -micro -processor for the server and workstation system. Except for the previous Pentium II XEON500 and 550, 0.25 micron technology is used, this microprocessor is made of 0.18 micrometers, SLOT 2 architecture and SECC packaging form, built -in 32KB first -level cache and 512KB secondary cache, and the operating voltage is 1.6V.

    intel Celeron Ⅱ

    In order to further consolidate the advantages of the low -end market, Intel launched a core CeleronI on March 29, 2000. This microprocessor is also made of 0.18 micron process, and the core integrates 19 million crystal pipes. It uses FC -PGA packaging form. It is built in the L2 Cache of 128KB and CPUs like Ce off MonDocino. Therefore, its core is also called 128 128 Essence Celeron Ⅱ does not support multi -microprocessor systems. However, Celeron Ⅱ's frequency is still only 66MHz, which largely limits its performance.

    amd K6 -Ⅲ

    amd launched K6 -Ⅲ, code -named "" (sharp teeth) in February 1999. It is the company's last one to support Super 7 architecture The CPU with CPGA packaging uses a 0.25 micron manufacturing process and kernel area of ​​135 square millimeters, integrating 21.3 million transistors, and the working voltage is 2.2V/2.4V.

    Compared with K6-2, the biggest change of K6 -Ⅲ is the integration of 256KB secondary cache (only 128kb) in the interior, and runs at the main frequency speed of the CPU. This change in K6 -Ⅲ will be able to give full play to the advantages of high frequency.

    Intel chip supports almost all PCs on the market

  3. In 1968

    On July 18, Robert Nuns and Gordon Moore left Sendong Semiconductor to invest in creating Neus Moore Electronics. Later, the company paid $ 15,000 to buy the "Intel" name from Intleco and renamed Intel.

    The investment of US $ 245,000 in Nuus and Moore, and the risk capitalist Arthur Rock invested $ 10,000 and raised $ 2.5 million to invest.

    Rock is the chairman of the company's board of directors, Robert Neus is CEO, Gordon Moore is the executive vice president, and the company is officially operated in the California Mountain View City.

    1969

    Intel released the first product 3010 Schottky bipolar random memory (RAM).

    It Intel released the world's first metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) static random memory (Static RAM) 1101.

    It Intel received the first order since the establishment of Hamilton Electric.

    Intel established the first sales office outside the United States in Geneva, Switzerland.

    1970

    Intel released 1103 dynamic random memory (DRAM).

    Intel's annual income exceeds $ 4 million.

    Intel purchased 26 acres of land in San Clara, California, and built the first plant.

    1971

    Intel published an advertisement on November 15th to announce "the arrival of an integrated electronic new era", the first 4 -bit microprocessor The 4004 clock frequency is 108kHz, which contains 2,300 crystal tubes, which has begun the prelude to the development of the CPU.

    Intel released the world's first writing programmable programming only memory (EPROM).

    Intel was listed publicly at $ 23.5 per share and raised $ 6.8 million.

    Intel's monthly sales exceeded $ 1 million for the first time.

    The first factory of Intel was officially opened.

    1972

    It Intel's first non -American factory was opened in Penki, Malaysia.

    The 8008 microprocessor of Intel Company, the clock frequency is 200kHz.

    Intel purchased Microma to enter the emerging digital watch market.

    It Intel enables a 3 -inch silicon chip production line to produce computer chips.

    1973

    Intel's first own chip factory was officially opened, the location is in Livermore, California.

    Intel's monthly sales exceeded $ 3 million.

    Kildier developed a revolutionary micro -processing program design language PL/M in PC history.

    1974

    Intel released the first real general microprocessor Intel 8080 with a clock frequency of 2MHz.

    The first foreign design centers in Intel opened in the Israeli Sea Law.

    The dynamic random memory 2107 with a capacity of 4K.

    1975

    8080 microprocessor is used for it, which is one of the earliest personal computers.

    Robert Wois was appointed as the chairman of Intel's board of directors, Gordon Moore became the president of the company, and Andy Grov was the executive vice president.

    Intel launched multi -bus (Multibus).

    1976

    Intel released the world's first microcontroller 8748 and 8048, combining central processors, memory, peripheral equipment, and input and output function on a single silicon chip.

    Tele released the world's first single -board computer ISBC80/10.

    It Intel enables 4 -inch silicon chip production line to produce chips.

    The 8085 microprocessor with a clock frequency of 5MHz.

    Tele and AMD reached a patented cross -use protocol, so that AMD can use Intel's micro -code.

    1977

    Intel began to produce magnetic bubble memory, which lasted for 11 years.

    It Intel launched 2716 EPROM with a capacity of 16K.

    It Intel released the first single -chip multimedia digital signal codec (CODEC) 2910, becoming a standard for the telecommunications industry.
    1978

    Intel launched a 16 -bit microprocessor 8086 with a clock frequency of 4.77MHz.

    Intel employees exceeded 10,000.

    Intel exited digital watch business. The Miceoma brand sold to a Swiss company, and the inventory was sold to Timex.

    1979

    Intel launched the 8088 microprocessor (low -cost version of 8060), which contains 29,000 transistors, and the clock frequency is 4.77MHz.

    Intel entered the Fortune 500 of Fortune Magazine for the first time, ranking 486th.

    Gordon Moore is the chairman and CEO of Intel's board of directors. Robert Neus is the vice chairman, and Andy Grov became the president and COO.

    Robert Nest was awarded the National Science Medal by US President Carter.

    Intel released a 2920 signal processor, the first microprocessor to perform real -time digital processing of the simulated model.

    1980

    Intel, Digital Equipment (DEC) and Schole announced cooperative development of Ethernet to enable different machines to connect through the local area network.

    Intel released the 8087 digital collaborative processor to peel the complex digital function from the microprocessor to improve performance.

    It Intel released 8051 and 8751 microcontrollers with the best sales results in history.

    1981

    IBM selected 8088 as a microprocessor for IBM PC, which has created the PC era since then.

    In order to accelerate new products to enter the market, Intel implemented a "125 % solution", requiring employees to voluntarily increase the workload of 25 % per week without any additional compensation.

    It Intel released a 32 -bit IAPX 432 microprocessor, but this processor is not successful in the market.

    1982

    Intel launched a microprocessor of 80286, which contained 134,000 transistors, and the PC industry really began to take off. In the following six years, about 15 million PCs based on 286 microprocessors were sold worldwide.

    IBM announced that it acquired 12 % of Intel's shares for US $ 250 million to help Intel survives the stagnation of industrial unscrupulous. In 1984, it acquired 5 % of the shares for more than 100 million US dollars. In 1987, with the improvement of the industrial environment, IBM sold these shares.

    It Intel released the first network controller 82586, from the main processor's peeling out of the network function to improve system performance.

    Intel's first 16 -bit micro -controller 8096 entered the market.

    1983
    Intel released CHMOS technology to reduce energy consumption while promoting the growth of chip performance.

    Intel annual revenue reached $ 1 billion.

    It Intel began to use a 6 -inch silicon chip production line to produce chips.

    1984

    IBM Published PC-A for the use of Intel 286 processor, using an open system to establish the dominant position of the X86 system structure in the PC market.

    It Intel released the world's first CHMOS dynamic random memory with a capacity of 256K.

    Andy Glov was rated as one of the "Top Ten Most Strict Boss in the United States" by Fortune Weekly.

    The U.S. Parliament passed the "Semiconductor Chip Protection Act" to allow semiconductor manufacturers to obtain the copyright of his line design. This bill has become an important tool for Intel to protect its development.

    1985

    Intel made a painful choice to shift the company's main business from the initial DRAM to microprocessor.

    Intel launched a 32 -bit 386 processor, which contains 275,000 transistors.

    Intel launched IPSC/1 to enter the supercomputer business.

    1986

    It US -Japan Semiconductor Trade Agreement was signed, and Japan opened the market for US semiconductor manufacturers.

    The US courts stipulate that micro -code (software implanted with silicon chip) also applies to the United States Copyright Law.

    The -to -be -scrub and programmable for 1M of Intel's release capacity only read only memory 27010, 27011 and 27210.

    1987

    Andy Grov was appointed as the company's president and CEO.

    Robert Nest was awarded the National Medal of Technology by US President Ronald Reagan.

    The company launched the second -generation IPSC/2 super computer, which is based on a large number of Intel 386 processors and 80387 digital collaborators.
    1988

    The company released the ETOX (EPROM TUNNL OXIDE) technology to enter the field of flash memory.

    Robert Nest became the president and CEO of Sematech. This is a corporate alliance aimed at maintaining the United States in the field of semiconductor manufacturing research.

    1989

    Intel launched the first commercial processor i860, which contains more than 1 million transistors.

    Intel launched a 80486 microprocessor, which contains 1.2 million transistors.

    1990

    The co -founder of Intel's co -founder Robert Neus died of a heart attack.

    Intel released the first netport printing server to make the printer connect to the local area network and achieve sharing.

    The US President George Bush (Old Bush) awarded the Gordon Moore National Medal of Technology.

    Craig Bearing as the executive vice president of Intel.

    1991

    Intel officially launched the "Intel Inside" brand promotion plan, which was repeatedly charged later.

    Intel released 23 online products including the matching card within a month.

    The company announced that it will stop EPROM's development and turn to flash memory.

    1992

    In information from market research institutions Datequest, Intel has become the world's largest semiconductor supplier.

    The company uses an 8 -inch silicon chip production line to produce chips.

    Intel released the 82420 chipset, the company officially entered the chipset field.

    1993

    Intel launched the Pentium (Pentium) processor (commonly known as 586) and integrated 3.1 million transistors.

    Cleig Bearing was appointed as the company's executive vice president and COO. Gordon Moore stayed as the chairman of the board of directors of the company. Andy Grov was still the president and CEO.

    Intel is rated as the third most valuable brand in the world by the Financial World magazine.

    PCMCIA standards are available, so that portable computers can easily add equipment, sound cards, network matching device and other equipment. Intel is one of the founders of this standard.

    1994

    The company released the first LANDESK network management software product, which can achieve software distinction, virus protection, remote diagnosis, and other computer network functions.

    The Pentium processor found floating -point defects, Intel cost $ 470 million to replace all chips and improve chip design.

    Tele assists defining the standard to plug and play the standard, making PC add peripheral devices easier.

    1995

    Intel launched the Pentimu Pro processor designed for servers and workstations, including 5.5 million transistors.

    It Intel released the 82430FX chipset.

    Intel expanded its network equipment product line to launch hub, switch, router and other network products.

    1996

    Intel launched a Pentium processor with MMX (multimedia enhanced instruction set) technology.

    1997

    Intel launched the Pentium II processor, integrating 7.5 million transistors.

    Intel publishing memory, realizing multiple digits of data in a single storage unit, greatly increasing flash memory capacity.

    Andy Glov was rated as the annual character of the year by Times Weekly.

    Craig Bearing became the president of the company, Andy Grov became the chairman of the board, and Gordon Moore retired as the company's honorary chairman.

    1998

    Intel launched a Celeron processor.

    Intel launched the Pentium Ⅱ Xeon processor.

    It Intel released the first high -performance and low -energy consumption processor based on the Strongarm structural system for handheld computing and communication equipment.

    1999

    Intel released the Pentium III processor, which contains 9 million transistors.

    It Intel released the Pentium III Xeon processor.

    Intel further expands the network product line and launch the IXP1200 network processor and related products.

    2000

    The wireless application has become the focus of development. Intel released the XSCALE micro -architecture system and several wireless network cards.

    Intel released the Pentium 4 processor, integrated 42 million transistors.

    2001

    Intel co -founder Gordon Moore officially retired.

    It Intel launched the first 64 -bit iTanium processor for workstations and servers.

    Intel released the Xeon processor.

    Intel created the world's smallest and fastest crystal tube, with a wide 15 mm meter (1 millimeter micrometer was one billion yuan).

    2002

    Intel began to use 0.13 micron technology to manufacture chip products on 300 mm (12 inches) chips.

    Paul Ouden became the company's president and COO. Craig Bearing was still the CEO, and Gordon Grov stayed as the chairman of the board of directors.

    It Intel releases Hyper-Threading technology, which can enable a processor to run multi-threaded tasks at the same time, thereby improving the system performance in the multi-tasking environment.

    The US President George W. Bush (Bush) awarded Gordon Groof's Medal of Freedom.

    Tanium (Anding) 2 processors designed for high -performance servers and workstations.

    2003

    Intel's cumulative sales processor reached 1 billion pieces.

    It Intel's release for Charity Mobile Technology. This technology has the characteristics of high performance, long battery use time, and integrating wireless networking capabilities, which can make laptop computers lighter. Pentium M processor is the core of Centrino.

    Intel launched the PXA800F honeycomb processor, which is a micro -chip that fully integrates the honeycomb phone and the key structure of the handheld computer.

    2004

    The 64 -bit most powerful processor launched by Intel in 2004 is the most successful enterprise 64 -bit server product launched by Intel so far.

    2005

    The dual -core Intel Soluble processor was launched.

    In launching happy platform

  4. Intel chipsets are often divided into series, such as 845, 865, 915, 945, 975, etc. The same models are distinguished by letters. The names have certain rules. Mastering these rules can quickly understand the positioning and characteristics of the chipset to a certain extent. Essence
    1. From the 845 series to the 915 series
    PE was the mainstream version, without integrated graphics cards, supported the mainstream FSB and memory at the time, and supported the AGP slot.
    E is not a simplified version, but the evolution version. It is more special that only 845E with the E suffix is ​​added by 845D. The support for ECC memory is added, so 845E is often used for entry -level servers.
    g is the chipset of the mainstream integrated graphics card and supports the AGP slot. The remaining parameters are similar to PE.
    GV and GL are simplified chipsets for integrated graphics cards. They do not support the AGP slot. The rest of the parameters are the same as G and GL shrinks.
    GE is an evolutionary chipset for integrated graphics cards compared to G, which also supports the AGP slot.
    p has two cases, one is an enhanced version, such as 875P; the other is the simplified version, such as 865P.
    The two, 915 series and after the
    P were the mainstream version, without integrated graphics cards, supporting the mainstream FSB and memory at the time, and supporting PCI-E
    X16 slots.
    PL is a simplified version relative to P. It has shrunk in supported FSB and memory without integrated graphics cards, but also supports PCI-E
    x16.
    g is a mainstream integrated graphics chipset, and supports PCI-E
    x16 slot. The remaining parameters are similar to P.
    GV and GL are simplified chipsets for integrated graphics cards. They do not support the PCI-E
    x16 slot. The rest of the parameters are the same as G and GL shrinks.
    X and XE are enhanced versions relative to P. There are no integrated graphics cards, supporting PCI-E
    x16 slots.
    In general, the naming method of Intel chipset has no strict rules, but it is roughly the above situation. In addition, the naming method of Intel chipset may change, cancel the suffix, and use prefix methods, such as P965 and Q965.
    three, 3 series
    The naming method is the same, and the DDR3 memory is supported after G33. X38 supports multi-graphics card interconnection and PCI-E2.0. It is currently the best mainstream Intel motherboard chipset.

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